How Tiling Works
Tile drainage is a form of agricultural water management that removes water from the subsurface of the soil. Excess water produces adverse agricultural effects including inadequate root development, soil degradation or compaction, and crop growth inhibition. Additionally, too much subsurface water poses a challenge to farm machinery forcing it to function in non-optimal, muddy conditions. Tile drainage aims to solve these potential problems.
The removal of excess water from the soil profile is controlled through a series of drainage pipes, also known as tile or tubing, that are installed below the soil surface just under the root zone. These subsurface drainage networks then open to a nearby ditch or stream.
Because each field is unique, design and installation of a drainage system requires careful research and planning. Drainage depends on topography, type of crops, and soil variety. These factors then determine the drainage depth and spacing for optimal land improvement.
The most common type of tile is corrugated plastic tubing that has tiny holes to facilitate water entry. When the water table of the soil is higher than the tile, water enters the tubing and as a result lowers the water table, ditching the excess moisture to streams and other outlets.
This field drainage tile process causes many benefits: improved crop quality and production, reduced soil evaporation, well-aerated root systems, timely field operations for early planting, enhanced productivity, and prevention of harmful salt buildup in the soil. Soil-Max prides itself on the creation of precise and progressive tools that allow farmers to achieve these results.